When is New Year's day?
Often people, especially those
who are not familiar with the Jewish customs, get confused over
the occurrence of the Jewish New Year in the seventh month of
the Tishri. Though the Bible speaks of Rosh Hashanah
falling on the first day of the seventh month, the question is
how people can celebrate a New Year on the seventh month
of their own calendar .
Instead it could have celebrated on the Nissan, the first month
of the Tishri. And Nissan occurs in March and April.
Here goes an explanation:
Instead of the usual unique one, the Judaism has several
"new years," each one dedicated to a specific cause.
The concept, though, may appear strange at first, has got
the logic of its own. For instance, the American "new
year" starts in January, but the new "school
year" starts in September. Again, many businesses have
"fiscal years" that start at various times of the
year. So, even here we have different new years, each book
marked for a different purpose.
Similarly Jews have 4 different days to choose from:
- 1 Tishri:
- Rosh HaShanah. This
day is a celebration of the creation of the world and marks
the start of a new calendar year. This will be the day we
shall base our calculations on in the following sections.
Sabbatical and Jubilee years begin at this time.
- 15 Shevat:
- Tu B'shevat. The
new year for trees, when fruit tithes should be brought.
- 1 Nisan:
- New Year for Kings.
Nisan is considered the first month, although it occurs 6 or
7 months after the start of the calendar year. It is used
for the purpose of counting the reign of kings and months on
- 1 Elul:
- New Year for Animal
Only the first two dates are