traditional festivals have evolved through the
centuries from past major events. For instance,
long ago when people had a bountiful harvest, they
gathered and celebrated their good fortune with
gala performances. When natural disasters struck,
they offered sacrifices to the gods and their
ancestors, hoping for a blessing. The change of
the seasons, flowers in spring, and the bright
moon in autumn could all arouse their longing for
a more beautiful life. Thus, creative activities
were held to signify these events, Gradually these
activities developed into festivals.
most important festival in China is the Spring
Festival. It is said that the Spring Festival
evolved from an activity known as the Winter
Sacrifice. It was a custom practiced by the people
of primitive society.
the cold winter began to recede and the warm
spring was about to begin, the people of an entire
clan gathered together. They brought out their
bounty from hunting, fishing and the field. They
thanked the gods for the blessings of nature,
including the mountains, rivers, the sun ,moon and
stars, They thanked their ancestors, then they
shared and enjoyed the sumptuous bounty of the
land, sea, air and fields as they ate, danced and
the beginning, their activity had no fixed date.
But usually it was held at the end of each winter.
Gradually, through the years, it was celebrated at
the end of the old year or the beginning of the
new. With the changes and disintegration of
primitive society, the form and content of the
Winter Sacrifice also changed. Ultimately, it
became a festival to bid farewell to the old year
and welcome in the new year. So it came to be
called the Spring Festival.